2002170
2002265
2002188
2002195
2002269
2002155
2002142
2002298
2002172
7022201
2002271
1002336
2002178
2002152
2002146
2002154
7022207
7013269
2002288
2002166
2002295
2002276
2002256
2002259
2002284
2002300
2002194
2002282
2002267
7015770
2002148
2002274
2002192
2002162
2002187
2002190
2002258
2002262
2002302
2002161
2002277
1002362
1002549
7014334
1003018
2110227
2002281
2002158
2002186
2002160
2002282
1002730
2002166
2002278
2002189
2002140
2002261
2002290
2002144
2002144
2002148
2002274
2002192
2002167
2002187
2002151
1002575
1002733
2002180
2002292
2002275
2002301
2002254
2002139
2002176
2002275
2002289
2002137
1002741
2002291
2002296
7015778
2002141
2002303
7015770
7022211
2002169
2002189
2002196
7022217
1002911
2002255
2002273
2002304
2002163
2002187
7022211
2002147
1002368
2002161
1002912
2002266
7014398
2002257
2002288
2002287
2002184
1002647
1002667
2002186
1002235
2002165
2002177
2002171
2002153
2002283
2002269
2002164
2002270
2002254
1002449
2002174
2002264
2002265
7022211
1002451
1002805
1002931
1002368
2002156
2002181
1002411
2002169
2002191
2002138
2002143
2002150
2002137
2002150
2002299
2002179
2002159
2002142
2002260
2002297
2002270
2002180
1002205
7014344
2002180
2002268
2002293
2002193
1002257
1002511
1002713
1002547
1002913
1002506
1002467
2002281
2002190
2002267
7022218
2002253
2002183
2002170
2002265
2002188
2002195
2002142
2002155
2002142
2002298
2002172
7022201
2002271
1002336
2002178
2002152
2002146
2002154
7022207
7013269
2002288
2002166
2002295
2002276
2002256
2002259
2002284
2002300
2002175
2002194
2002282
2002267
7015770
2002148
2002274
2002192
1002425
1002935
2002162
1002741
2002187
2002190
2002258
2002262
2002302
2002161
2002277
1002267
1002362
1002549
7014334
1003018
2110227
2002281
2002158
2002186
7014160
2002160
2002282
1002730
2002166
2002149
2002278
2002189
2002140
2002261
2002290
2002144
2002144
2002173
2002148
2002274
2002192
2002167
2002187
1002548
2002151
2002180
2002292
2002275
2002301
2002254
2002139
2002176
2002275
2002289
2002137
2111086
1002741
2002291
2002296
2002168
7015778
2002141
2002303
7015770
7022211
2002169
2002189
2002196
1002911
2002255
2002273
2002304
2002163
2002187
7022211
7013687
2002221
7022220
1003048
2002147
2002161
1002912
7014398
2002257
2002288
2002146
2002154
2002184
1002647
1002667
2002186
1002235
2002165
2002177
2002171
2002153
2002283
2002269
2002164
2002270
2002254
1002449
2002174
2002264
2002265
7022211
1002451
1002805
1002931
1002368
2002156
2002181
1002411
2002169
2002191
2002138
2002143
2002150
2002137
2002150
2002299
2002179
2002159
2002142
2002260
2002297
2002270
2002180
1002205
7014344
2002182
2002180
2002268
2002293
2002193
1002257
1002511
1002713
1002547
1002913
2111086
1002506
1002467
2002281
2002190
7022218
2002253
2002183
Votes for Secession by County - April 04, 1861
Petersburg Chesterfield Prince George Dinwiddie Henrico Richmond City Norfolk City Princess Anne Norfolk County Botetourt Nelson Pendleton Louisa Wyth Fayette Nansemond Jefferson Brooke Nicholas Tucker Wyoming Richmond County Mathews Shenandoah Essex Rockingham Augusta Stafford King and Queen Nottoway Gloucester Jackson Campbell Buckingham Webster Washington Braxton Hancock Cabell Rappahannock Logan Hardy Tyler Pittsylvania Prince Edward Roanoke Grayson Wayne Giles Gilmer Buchanan Amherst Highland Greensville Tazewell Westmoreland Mecklenburg Loudoun Marshall Cumberland Wise Caroline Halifax Rockbridge Alexandria York Upshur Morgan Elizabeth City Hampshire Monroe Warwick Bath James City Bedford Russell Clarke Ohio Marion Fauquier Alleghany Albemarle Boone Appomattox Kanawha Charles City Fairfax Warren Isle of Wight Mason Amelia Patrick Lunenburg Culpeper Frederick Wood Wetzel Southampton Clay Lewis New Kent Roane Franklin Greene Monongalia Sussex Lancaster Wirt McDowell Doddridge Berkeley Barbour Spotsylvania Fluvanna Putnam Craig Brunswick Middlesex King George Preston Scott Pleasants Henry Surry Raleigh Harrison Mercer Ritchie Pulaski Montgomery Calhoun Hanover Prince William Smyth Northumberland Accomac Orange Goochland Madison Randolph Greenbrier Pocahontas Page Taylor Floyd Northampton King William Charlotte Carroll Lee Powhatan
Secession Voting Map

Counties whose delegates voted pro-union are blue; pro-secession are grey.

Click each county to view demographic information as well as whether the county ultimately seceded.

X - Close

Secessionists from the Tidewater and Piedmont tried three times to pass an ordinance of secession. Unionists delayed the first, on March 8, on procedural grounds.  On April 4, as Unionist delegate John Baldwin met with Abraham Lincoln in Washington to discuss how war might be averted, the convention voted a second ordinance of secession down by a two-thirds majority.  On April 17, after troops in South Carolina fired on Ft. Sumter and Lincoln called for troops to suppress the rebellion, delegates from Virginia voted to secede from the United States, 88 to 55. 

The two votes for secession followed striking geographic patterns.  Most delegates west of the Blue Ridge mountains voted to stay in the Union on April 4.  Of the western delegates who voted to secede, most represented one of a number of contiguous counties west of the New River.  Many more secessionist delegates called the Piedmont and Tidewater home, though delegates from counties closest to Virginia’s northern border tended to vote against an ordinance that, by then, was certain to hasten civil war.

By April 17, very few delegates east of the Blue Ridge mountains voted against secession. Delegates from heavily enslaved Piedmont counties along the North Carolina border switched their votes and joined the secessionist movement, as did a number of delegates from tobacco-producing Tidewater counties.  Most delegates whose counties bordered Washington, DC and Maryland continued to vote against secession, as did the staunchest unionists from the Valley and northwestern Virginia.  These votes lay the groundwork for secession and the consequent formation of West Virginia out of the most decidedly Unionist sections of the state.